Censorship

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Censorship
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Ukraine is an Eastern European country which practices Christianity. It gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

General censorship[]

  • Between 2004 and 2015, the National Expert Commission of Ukraine on the Protection of Public Morality, a state body which operated to evaluate media and check if they observed Ukrainian morality laws, which ban the incitement of religious hatred, production or dissemination of pornography, as well the propagation of alcoholism and smoking. Said commission was disbanded by the Ukrainian parliament on 10 February 2015, after the law which created the body was criticised for being dangerously open to its subjective interpretation of what precisely could "harm public morality".
  • As of 9 April 2015, the use of totalitarian (Nazi and/or Communist) propaganda and symbols, as well apology of Nazi-Fascist ideologies, are banned in Ukraine a year after the Revolution of Dignity (mostly known as Euromaidan), as two of the main provisions of the bill which enforced said ban stated that the Soviet Union was a "criminal" that "pursued a state terror policy".
  • Pornography was outlawed in Ukraine in 2009 when the then president Victor Yushchenko signed new legislation. The law has been overwhelmingly approved by the Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian parliament). Possessing, distributing, selling and manufacturing pornographic material is illegal, with laws strictly enforced. Possessing pornographic material can carry a fine or up to three years imprisonment. Pornography is defined by the law as "vulgar, candid, cynical, obscene depiction of sexual acts, pursuing no other goal, the explicit demonstration of genitals, unethical elements of the sexual act, sexual perversions, realistic sketches that do not meet moral criteria and offend honor and dignity of the human by inciting low instincts". Pornography for "medical purposes" remains legal. As a result, Wiska, one of Ukraine's internationally known pornstars, alleges continuous and unconstitutional persecution for her work abroad, and has unsuccessfully applied for political asylum in the European Union

Book censorship[]

  • As of 30 December 2016, due to the ongoing military conflict between Ukraine and Russia, President Petro Poroshenko signed a law restricting import of books from Russia into Ukraine, with the purpose of "safeguarding Ukrainian citizens against the use of information warfare and disinformation methods, against the spread of hate ideology, fascism, xenophobia and separatism". Among banned were books by Russian nationalists Alexander Dugin, Eduard Limonov and Sergei Glazyev, two novels of Boris Akunin, memoirs of Vladimir Vysotsky and children books about Russian epic bogatyrs, as well as some memoirs and historical books. According to the law, one person can import at most 10 Russian books without a permit. Unauthorized distribution of books from Russia is also banned.
  • In September 2018, Lviv Regional Council banned public use of Russian-language books, films and songs in the region until Russia's withdrawal from Ukraine.

Movie censorship[]

  • Hostel - This horror film was banned in 2005 due to its depiction of Eastern Europe as a region where people are tortured for money. However, because this affects only the sale and distribution of the film, it is still legal in Ukraine to own and view this movie in private.
  • Land of the Dead - This horror movie was banned due to high level violence, blood and gore. The movie also depicted the suffering and agony of people who were forced to cannibalism in Kharkiv during the city was attacked by the Germans in 1943.
  • Hostel: Part II - This movie was banned for the same reason as its predecessor Hostel00, but owning and viewing the movie in private is still legal.
  • Brüno - this comedy film starring Sacha Baron Cohen was banned in Ukraine for its homosexual themes.
  • Saw IV - this horror film was banned due to the scenes of brutal gory violence and torture, which in the context of the Saw franchise, is the only banned part. Thereby, it is illegal to sell or distribute said film, since visa is not given.
  • My iz budushchego 2 (We Are from the Future 2) - this film was banned in Ukraine for reason unknown.
  • Evil Dead (2013) - this film was banned for its high level violence and blood, sexual content and gore.
  • Hunter Killer - this action thriller film was banned in 2018 because the Ukraine Ministry of Culture stated that the film showed "the might of the army of the aggressor country of Russia".
  • In 2015, in retaliation for the invasion of Crimea, the Ukrainian government started to blacklist Russian artists who supported the annexation of Crimea by Russia from entering the country, restricting any new film featuring blacklisted actors from being exhibited in Ukraine. Although older films are not covered by this policy, an Ukrainian television network was prompted by the negative stigma to end its annual tradition of airing The Irony of Fate on New Year's Eve due to it featuring Valentina Talyzina, a blacklisted actress.

Internet censorship[]

  • The Simpsons - this animated show was banned for its subversive content and humor, as well due to Ukrainians not finding Homer Simpson, who is an incompetent nuclear safety inspector, very funny due to the Chernobyl accident, which happened in the country under Soviet rule.

Televsion censorship[]

  • In 2012, the National Expert Commission of Ukraine on the Protection of Public Morality wanted to ban SpongeBob SquarePants (alleging that it could promove homosexuality), Disney films, Shrek and Teletubbies as they deemed said properties were not appropriate for children.

Video game censorship[]

  • Mortal Kombat 11 - banned due to extreme violence and Communist imagery for "Kold War Skarlet" DLC.
  • Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon - banned due to the storyline that follows Russian ultranationalists and Communists joining forces to recreate the Soviet Union by taking over Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan.

External links[]

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