Somalia is an East African country which practices Islam. Somalia is one of the poorest countries in the world.
Under the leadership of far-left communist General Siad Barre from 1969 to 1991 (who was installed in a bloodless coup), Somali media was tightly controlled.
The Somali government under Siad Barre suppressed free speech by squelching dissent with force. Most forms of free expression were punishable by death.
Somalia fell into anarchy on January 26, 1991 after collapsing in a civil war caused by sheer opposition from its citizens. The media landscape remains highly unstable and hostile nowadays, because the Islamic terrorist organisation al-Shabaab (a part of al-Qaeda) is striving to stifle dissent. Al-Shabaab attacks journalists who do not practice self-censorship, but journalists face attacks from al-Shabaab generally.
Internet access was outlawed in territories controlled by al-Shabaab in 2014.
|Censorship by country|
|Middle East and North Africa|
|Australia and Oceania|