Mexico 🇲🇽 is an American country which practices Christianity. It is the world's most populous Spanish-speaking country.
Mexican law provides for freedom of speech and press, and the government generally respects these rights in practice.
- Classified as "partly free" in the Freedom on the Net report from Freedom House in 2011 (score 32), 2012 (score 37), 2013 (score 38), 2014 (score 39), and 2015 (score 39).
- Classified by ONI as no evidence of filtering in 2011.
There are no government restrictions on access to the internet or credible reports that the government monitors e-mail or internet chat rooms. Individuals and groups can engage in the expression of views via the internet, including by e-mail. The OpenNet Initiative (ONI) found no evidence of internet filtering in 2011. Mexico was classified as "partly free" in the Freedom on the Net 2011 report from Freedom House.
Transnational Criminal Organizations (TCOs) exercise an increasing influence over media outlets and reporters, at times directly threatening individuals who published critical views of crime groups. As citizens increasingly use social media Web sites such as Twitter and Facebook to obtain and share drug-related news, violence against the users of these sites is rising dramatically. The threats and violence lead to self-censorship in many cases.
Two states introduced new restrictions on the use of social media. In August 2011 Veracruz officials arrested Gilberto Martinez Vera and Maria de Jesus Bravo Pagola for allegedly spreading rumors of violence on Twitter. They were released following protests from civil society groups, but the state created a new “public disturbance” offense for use in similar cases in the future. Similarly, the state of Tabasco outlawed telephone calls or social network postings that could provoke panic. Civil society groups feared that the laws could be used to curb freedom of expression online.
On September 24, 2011 police in Nuevo Laredo found the headless body of a female journalist who wrote on TCO activity on Primera Hora de Nuevo Laredo newspaper and as an online blogger under the pseudonym of “La Nena de Laredo” (“Laredo Girl”). Two other Nuevo Laredo-based bloggers were allegedly tortured and killed by TCOs in September and November, again in retaliation for posting comments on the internet about local drug cartels.
In May 2009, the Mexican Federal Electoral Institute (IFE), asked YouTube to remove a parody of Fidel Herrera, governor of the state of Veracruz. Negative advertising in political campaigns is prohibited by present law, although the video appears to be made by a regular citizen, which would make it legal. It was the first time a Mexican institution intervened directly with the internet.
In 2014, the Mexican government proposed the new Telecommunication Law, which if approved would seriously cripple the right of users to have free uncensored internet in similar ways to the SOPA and ACTA laws. This initiative was received with public outrage.
In May 2009, the Mexican Federal Electoral Institute (IFE), asked YouTube to remove a parody of Fidel Herrera, governor of the state of Veracruz. Negative advertising in political campaigns is prohibited by present law, although the video appears to be made by a regular citizen which would make it legal. It was the first time a Mexican institution intervened directly with the internet.
- In 1976, the newspaper Excélsior, the second to be highly sold in Mexico, suffered a process of censorship and attack to freedom of expression against its then director, Julio Scherer Garcia, and his staff due to their criticism of the then-President of Mexico, Luis Echeverria, who planned several sabotagings, the forced dismissal of Scherer's staff from the newspaper on 8 July 1976, after Echeverria enacted a plan from the Presidency of Mexico to simulate the dismissal as a labor conflict, protagonized by Regino Diaz Redondo. Scherer's group went to found the newspaper Proceso afterwards. Echeverria's successor, José Lopez Portillo, whose management was lambasted by Proceso, particularly in the latter period, due to the severe economic crisis Mexico was living back then. Portillo determined to boycott Proceso by retiring the official advertisement from the weekly as well influencing the companies backing it to join the maneuver. On 7 June 1982, when journalist Francisco Martinez de la Vega alluded to the hostile attitude toward media in his intervention and the coercitive use of advertisement, Lopez Portillo answered "A mercantile company organized as a professional business, has the right that the State would give advertising to it for the sake of systematic opposition? This, gentlemen, is a perverse relationship, a morbose relationship, a sadomasochist relationship closer to many perversities that i will not mention here as form of respect ot the public. I pay you so you can hit me. So, that's just what i needed!". (with said statement, Portillo meant that giving publicity from the executive power implied that the media would not criticise the president).
Mexico is considered to be a dangerous place for journalists. In 2021, seven journalists were killed in Mexico. This number is already matched in 2022.
- As a rule of thumb, any film that depicts the American military killing Mexicans in any context, while not always banned, is normally edited out in dubbed versions, due to the Mexican-American war. Oddly enough, subbed versions do not follow this for some bizarre reason.
- Between 1960 and 1971, any film starring Elvis Presley was banned in Mexico after riots broke in Las Americas cinema in Mexico City during screenings of King Cereole and GI Blues.
- The Last Temptation of Christ - this film was banned between 1988 (its US premiere) and 2005. The then-ruling PRI (Institutional Revolution Party) government back then had a huge influence on media content, although the contributing factor to the ban were the fundamentalist media watchdogs who were afraid of what "superstitious viewers" would do after watching a film that depicted Jesus Christ as a flawed human.
- South Park: The episode "Pinewood Derby" was scheduled to be broadcast on MTV Latin America on8 February 2010, but the network pulled the episode out of air, replacing it with the episode "The Ring", allegedly due to its depiction of the then-President of Mexico Felipe Calderón irritating the international community and frivolously spending the space cash on water parks, which differed was said to differ from the image Mexico's Ministry of the Interior sought to present of Calderón, whom they dubbed the "Employment president", as well as the South Park creators did not get a special permit needed to broadcast an image of Mexico's flag. The Mexican South Park fans were skeptical about the explanation and some of them accused the network of unfair censorship.
- "The Last of Meheecans" was banned as Comedy Central Latinoamérica considered offensive, particularly the scene when Cartman appears to kill a bunch of Mexicans with his taser.
Video game censorship
- Tom Clancy's Ghost Recon Advanced Warfighter 2 - This game was on the target of several right-wing groups who tried to ban it in some parts of Mexico because the bad guys depicted are Mexican, even though they are rebels to the Mexican government.
- Censorship in Mexico at Wikipedia
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