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Greece 🇬🇷, officially the Hellenic Republic, is a European country which practices Orthodox Christianity (though Christmas Day is still observed on December 25 of the Gregorian calendar by the Greek Orthodox Church). It is a member of the European Union.

Censorship was pervasive during the Regime of the Colonels (known also as the Greek junta) led by Georgios Papadopoulos between 1967 and 1974.

Greece was ranked 108th in Reporters Without Borders' Press Freedom Index in 2022, which is the lowest ranking in the European Union.

General censorship[]

During the Regime of the Colonels, the Communist Party of Greece was banned. Anything deemed left-wing or a sign of modern decadence was banned. This included labor unions, union freedom, going on strike, breaking glasses in Russian style, the peace symbol, Trotskyism, Jean Lurçat's works, The Beatles, rock music, "new math", miniskirts, sociology, learning Russian and Bulgarian languages, asking "who is it?", the order of lawyers and long hair on men. Unbelievably, even the letter "Z", which was used as a symbol of murdered resistance leader Grigoris Lambrakis (zi meaning "he lives").

Book censorship[]

Between 1967 and 1974, any work written by Jean-Paul Sartre, Louis Aragon, Anton Chekhov, Mark Twain, Eugène Ionesco, Leo Tolstoy, Maxim Gorky, Harold Pinter, Edward Albee, Samuel Beckett, Fedor Dostoevsky, and even classic playwrights like Sophocles, Aristophanes and Aeschylus. Even writing about Socrates' homosexuality was forbidden for a while. Even the International encyclopedia was banned back then.

  • Aristophanes' play Lysistrata holds the dubious distinction of being banned twice, in 1942 by the Nazi occupators and again from 1967 to 1974 by the Greek military dictatorship. The reason for this is evident: the story is about a woman ending the Peloponnesian War by organizing a protest movement. That fact that said protest was a sex strike probably didn't help.

Internet censorship[]

Movie censorship[]

  • Golfo - this 1914 silent film was banned for its royalist sentiments.
  • Costa-Gavras' film Z - this political thriller based on the assassination of an outspokenly pacifist, left-wing politician, was predictably banned under the military dictatorship.

Television censorship[]

  • ALF (1986 TV series) - sometimes either there’s inappropriate reference, alcohol scenes or sometimes when characters taking a shower after taking a robe off are blurred.

Video game censorship[]

  • On 29 July 2002, The Greek government passed a law ostensibly meant to ban gambling machines in public places. Which caused two 2 problems, however; firstly, the law's definition was written so broadly that it applied to any electronic game. Plus, after concerns that establishments would just hide their slot machines in a secret room to get around the ban, it was made to apply in private places as well (although the government said they would only only enforce the public ban). The law was partially repealed after complaints, although games are still banned from internet cafes.

External links[]