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Bulgaria 🇧🇬 is a European country which practices Christianity. It is a member of the European Union. Censorship was pervasive during the Communist regime (1945-1989).

Bulgaria ranked 91st in Reporters Without Borders' Press Freedom Index in 2022.

General censorship[]

Book censorship[]

Film censorship[]

  • Privarzaniyat balon (The Tied Up Balloon) - this film was banned in 1967 for criticizing the communist leaders during World War II. After Bulgaria became a democratic nation again, in 1990, the ban was lifted.

Internet censorship[]

There are no government restrictions on access to the Internet or reports that the government monitors e-mail or Internet chat rooms without appropriate legal authority.

The law provides for freedom of speech and press, and the government generally respects these rights. The penal code provides for from one to four years' imprisonment for incitement to "hate speech." The law defines hate speech as speech that instigates hatred, discrimination, or violence based on race, ethnicity, nationality, religion, sexual orientation, marital or social status, or disability. Internet social networks have become increasingly popular with anti-Semitic groups. Web site administrators were deleting anti-Semitic comments under online media articles, but gradually stopped the practice.

The constitution and law prohibit arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence, and the government generally respects these provisions in practice. The security services can access electronic data with judicial permission when investigating cyber and serious crimes. However, NGOs criticise gaps in the law that allow the prosecution service to request such data directly from the service providers without court authorisation. There are no reports that the government attempts to collect personally identifiable information in connection with a person's peaceful expression of political, religious, or ideological opinions or beliefs.

Television censorship[]

Video game censorship[]

External links[]

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