Censorship

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Censorship
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Argentina 🇦🇷 is a South American country that practices Christianity.

General censorship[]

One year after Revolución Libertadora in 1956, which ousted the previous president Juan Domingo Peron, any depiction or promotion of Peronism as well as any mention (on press for insance), depiction, photograph, portrait of former President Peron or his wife Evita, was forbidden under Decree Law 4161/56. The ousted Peron was either referred as "the monster" by President Pedro Eugenio Aramburu or as "the fugitive tyrant" by newspapers.

Movie censorship[]

  • I'll Never Heil Again - banned uring the conservative period of authoritarian governments known as "Infamous Decade" (1930–1943), for lampooning Nazi Germany, even if Argentina had declared itself neutral during World War Two.
  • The Silence - banned for "obscenity".
  • Last Tango in Paris - banned during the self-styled "Argentine Revolution" military regime (1966–1973), for being "pornographic"
  • La Patagonia Rebelde - This historical film about the suppression of a peasants' revolt, known as "Tragic Patagonia was banned under Isabel Perón's government (1974–1976) and Jorge Rafael Videla's National Reorganization Process regime during Argentina's last-civil military government (1976–1983).
  • Last Days of Mussolini - Banned under Videla's regime during Argentina's last-civil military government (1976–1983).
  • The Great Dictator - Banned under Videla's regime during Argentina's last-civil military government for mocking dictatorships.
  • Las largas vacaciones del '36 - Banned under Videla's regime during Argentina's last-civil military government for its sarcastic view of Spain under Francisco Franco.
  • Looking for Mr. Goodbar - Banned under Videla's regime during Argentina's last-civil military government, for being "pornographic".
  • Hail Mary - This movie, which is a modern retelling of the Virgin Birth, was banned for mixing sexual content with religious content. Argentina's large Catholic population in particular considered this sort of thing blasphemous.
  • The Last Temptation of Christ - this movie was banned in Argentina on grounds of "blasphemy".
  • Kindergarten - this movie was banned for its controversial themes, scenes of nudity and unsimulated oral sex. Any copy of the movie was seized and its ban on its exhibition was enacted, both due to a court order. In 2010, the movie was shown in a restored copy, as part of the Mar del Plata International Film Festival.

TV censorship[]

  • The Simpsons - The Season 19 episode "E Pluribus Wiggum", although nominally about Ralph Wiggum being written in as a candidate for U.S. President, was temporarily banned in Argentina for a side conversation that made fun of Argentina. Specifically, Lenny and Carl call Juan Peron the country's best leader because "when he 'disappeared' you, you stayed 'disappeared'!" and equate Peron's wife Evita with the singer Madonna (who did play her in a film adaptation of the musical Evita). Many other Latin American countries followed suit, taking it as a mockery of their culture as a whole. This kind of thing never stopped The Simpsons from being aired there, though.

Books censorship[]

  • Tía Vicenta - This satirical magazine was banned in 1966, for mocking the then president, General Juan Carlos Onganía, who took power by coup in that year, by depicting him as a walrus (in reference to a nickname, "la morsa" -meaning "the walrus"- , which was given by his Argentine Armed Forces colleagues to the laconic and mustachioed General).
  • Primera Plana - This literary and political weekly, which supported the liberal wing of the Argentine Armed Forces, was briefly banned in 4 August 1969 due to a decree prohibiting its circulation, before getting de-banned and ceasing publication in 1973.
  • Lolita (1955) - This novel written by Vladimir Nabokov was banned for being "obscene".

Video games censorship[]

  • Carmageddon - This game was banned in the city of Buenos Aires due to its depiction of people being killed by motor vehicles.
  • RapeLay - This game was banned as it is seen to condone or glamorize sexual violence.

Internet censorship[]

Argentina is not individually classified by the OpenNet Initiative, but is included in the ONI regional overview for Latin America.

The regulation of Internet content addresses largely the same concerns and strategies seen in North America and Europe, focusing on combating the spread of child pornography and restricting child access to age-inappropriate material. As Internet usage in Argentina increases, so do defamation, hate speech, copyright, and privacy issues.

Argentina has strengthened intellectual property rights protections by drafting and updating laws and ratifying international agreements such as the WIPO Copyright Treaty.

Since the 1997 presidential declaration regarding "Free Speech on the Internet" that guarantees Internet content the same constitutional protections for freedom of expression, Argentina has become a haven for neo-Nazi and race-hate groups around the region. In 2000 an Argentine appellate court affirmed a lower court's dismissal of a claim that a Yahoo! site selling Nazi memorabilia violated Argentina's anti-discrimination law (no. 23.592), holding that the equivalent restrictions of non-Internet speech would be unacceptable. Under Argentina's anti-discrimination law a crime is aggravated if racism is involved.

The defendant in the 2006 case Jujuy.com v. Omar Lozano was found liable for publishing slanderous content on his Web site after imputing adulterous conduct to a couple and failing to remove the content promptly. An injunction was imposed and damages were set at $40,000 (USD).

Prosecutors and police pursue cases of Internet child pornography. In June 2008 the Congress passed a law criminalizing child pornography; however, the law does not penalize possession by individuals for personal use.

In 2010 an appeals court overturned a lower-court ruling that found Google and Yahoo liable for defamation for including sex-related Web sites in their search results for an Argentine entertainer. The appeals court ruling said the firms could be held liable for defamation only if they were made aware of clearly illegal content and were negligent in removing it.

In August 2011 a judge ordered all ISPs to block the site LeakyMails, a Web site that obtains and publishes documents exposing corruption in Argentina. In response some internet service providers blocked the website IP address 216.239.32.2 which is linked to more than one million blogs hosted on Google's Blogger service disrupting the access to all of them.

In November 2012 the CNC (Spanish: Comision Nacional De Comunicaciones) ordered the blocking of websites that contained information about bootloader unlocking of netbooks supplied by the Argentine Government. The legality of these actions in Argentina remains controversial.

In July 2014 the CNC (Spanish: Comision Nacional De Comunicaciones) ordered local ISPs to block The Pirate Bay due an injunction of CAPIF (Spanish: Cámara Argentina de Productores de Fonogramas) against the popular Torrent index. CAPIF is an Argentine music industry group and a member of International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI). The CNC is an agency of the Argentine Government created to certify wireless devices; to regulate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, cable and postal services. In retaliation for the blocking, the online site of CAPIF was hacked and turned into a Pirate Bay Proxy server.

As of 2017, any and all websites previously blocked are no longer blocked due to public criticism and lack of interest

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